Although described as a Union of Crowns, until 1707 there were in fact two separate crowns resting on the same head. During the ensuing Anarchy, Matilda controlled England for a few months in 1141—the first woman to do so—but was never crowned and is rarely listed as a monarch of England. Alfred styled himself King of the Anglo-Saxons from about 886, and while he was not the first king to claim to rule all of the English, his rule represents the start of the first unbroken line of kings to rule the whole of England, the House of Wessex. [3][4] The title "King of the English" or Rex Anglorum in Latin, was first used to describe Æthelstan in one of his charters in 928. The acts joined the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland (previously separate sovereign states, with separate legislatures but with the same monarch) into the Kingdom of Great Britain.[126]. Nonetheless, Philip was to co-reign with his wife.[103]. His system of castles established a greater sense of central authority than had existed previously, especially the impressive stone fortifications which now represent some of t… The Plantagenets were a huge powerful family not just in England but throughout Europe. Jane was executed for treason in 1554, aged 16. Only by Loyalists in Northern Ireland is King Billy remembered as a hero; the victor of the battle of the Boyne (fought in 1690 between the Catholic James II and the Protestant William III who, with his wife, Mary II, had overthrown James in England in 1688). I… King Henry II: 1154 – 1189: 5 Mar 1133 – 6 Jul 1189: 5: Le Mans, France. In view of the marriage, the church retroactively declared the Beauforts legitimate via a papal bull the same year. Charles was also famed for his extra-marital affairs. This list of kings and queens of the Kingdom of England begins with Alfred the Great, who initially ruled Wessex, one of the seven Anglo-Saxon kingdoms which later made up modern England. This house descended from Edward III's third surviving son, John of Gaunt. King Stephen came to an agreement with Matilda in November 1153 with the signing of the Treaty of Wallingford, where Stephen recognised Henry, son of Matilda and her second husband Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou, as the designated heir. The rightful King of England is King John III. Matilda was declared heir presumptive by her father, Henry I, after the death of her brother on the White Ship, and acknowledged as such by the barons. In 1604 James I, who had inherited the English throne the previous year, adopted the title (now usually rendered in English rather than Latin) King of Great Britain. This ended the direct Norman line of kings in England. After Henry’s father died of an illness in 1413, the 26-year-old prince was crowned King Henry V of England. William II was crowned on 26 September 1087. He was efficient and tolerant of … His brother Albert was born a year and a half later, soon followed by a sister, Mary, in April 1897. By the late 15th century, the Tudors were the last hope for the Lancaster supporters. For a family tree that shows George I's relationship to Anne, see George I of Great Britain § Family tree. "Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was King of England from 1327 until his death; he is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous reign of his father, Edward II. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Sophia Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Celle, Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, Alternative successions of the English crown, List of monarchs in Britain by length of reign, List of monarchs of the British Isles by cause of death, "British Royal Family History – Kings and Queens", "English Monarchs – A complete history of the Kings and Queens of England", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_British_monarchs&oldid=1000634354, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles which use infobox templates with no data rows, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 00:29. John Beaufort's granddaughter Lady Margaret Beaufort was married to Edmund Tudor. England: Controlled more of France than the King of France! There were 8 Plantagenet Kings of England. Edward VI named Lady Jane Grey as his heir in his will, overruling the order of succession laid down by Parliament in the Third Succession Act. Edward VI was crowned on 20 February 1547. From the time of King John onwards all other titles were eschewed in favour of Rex or Regina Anglie. Mary II and William III were crowned on 11 April 1689. 1194-1240 His mother was Queen Eleanor of Provence and his father was King Henry III of England.As a younger man, Edward fought against Simon de Montfort in defence of his father's crown. It was within the power of the Lord Protector to choose his heir and Oliver Cromwell chose his eldest son, Richard Cromwell, to succeed him. [70] "King Louis I of England" remains one of the least known kings to have ruled over a substantial part of England.[71]. Alternative Title: Eadgar. After the Acts of Union 1707, England as a sovereign state ceased to exist, replaced by the new Kingdom of Great Britain. All official documents, including Acts of Parliament, were to be dated with both their names, and Parliament was to be called under the joint authority of the couple. Edward I (17 June 1239–7 July 1307), also Longshanks (meaning 'long legs') and the Hammer of the Scots, was a Plantagenet King of England.He became king on 21 November 1272, until his death in 1307. His son succeeded him after being chosen king by the citizens of London and a part of the Witan,[38] despite ongoing Danish efforts to wrest the crown from the West Saxons. England and Scotland had been in personal union since 24 March 1603. King Henry married Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV, thereby uniting the Lancastrian and York lineages. She became monarch of the Kingdom of Great Britain after the political union of England and Scotland on 1 May 1707.Her total reign lasted for 12 years and 146 days. Tensions still existed between Catholics and Protestants. Four days after his death on 6 July 1553, Jane was proclaimed queen—the first of three Tudor women to be proclaimed queen regnant. The Principality of Wales was incorporated into the Kingdom of England under the Statute of Rhuddlan in 1284, and in 1301 King Edward I invested his eldest son, the future King Edward II, as Prince of Wales. Richard I was crowned on 3 September 1189. [93] Parliament did the same in an Act in 1397. Henry named his eldest daughter, Matilda (Countess of Anjou by her second marriage to Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou, as well as widow of her first husband, Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor), as his heir. However he suffered military defeat at the hands of the English fleet. The House of Plantagenet takes its name from Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou, husband of the Empress Matilda and father of Henry II. Following the death of Sweyn Forkbeard, Æthelred the Unready returned from exile and was again proclaimed king on 3 February 1014. 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